Culminating Project Title
Date of Award
Culminating Project Type
Applied Behavior Analysis: M.S.
Community Psychology, Counseling and Family Therapy
School of Health and Human Services
Benjamin N. Witts
Kimberly A. Schulze
Julie Ackerlund Brandt
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
Bruxism is defined as the grinding of one’s upper and lower teeth such that physical damage is caused. To date, behavioral interventions that examine environmental relations with respect to diurnal bruxism have outperformed medical and psychological treatments. However, the behavioral interventions have relied on punitive measures to eliminate the behavior. This study evaluated a function-based antecedent intervention for bruxism with a 4-year-old girl. The function was determined to be maintained by automatic reinforcement following a four condition (i.e., attention, escape, play, and ignore) functional analysis. A further assessment of the sensory stimulations associated with bruxism (i.e., external pressure on the jaw, internal pressure on the teeth, and auditory stimulation) determined it was more specifically maintained by the vibration sensation produced when the teeth grinded together. The study used the function and evaluated non-contingent delivery of matched stimulation (i.e., treatment that matches the function of the participant’s bruxism) as a treatment of bruxism. While it was an effective method to reduce bruxism, the speed of the reduction was not rapid enough and the stimulation was unable to be thinned, concluding that it was not an effective form of treatment.
Christensen Waldin, Alexis, "Function-Based Approach to the Treatment of Audible Diurnal Bruxism" (2015). Culminating Projects in Community Psychology, Counseling and Family Therapy. 9.