Date of Award


Culminating Project Type


Degree Name

Cultural Resources Management Archaeology: M.S.




College of Liberal Arts

First Advisor

Mark Muñiz

Second Advisor

Robbie Mann

Third Advisor

Debra Gold

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

Archaeology, Lithic Analysis, Blades, Knife Lake, Minnesota, Middle Woodland


Knife Lake and Knife Lake Siltstone have long been associated with Minnesota’s Paleoindian tradition, until OSL dates revealed Early Archaic, Middle Archaic, and Middle Woodland occupations at the JJ site. This thesis reviews the results of the OSL dates, and then uses lithic and statistical analysis to aid interpretations of multiple cultural occupations at the JJ site, specifically through the lens of technological change. Adding data to the use of Knife Lake Siltstone during the Woodland tradition can add to the understanding of how and when this material was used through time.



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