Culminating Project Title
Date of Award
Culminating Project Type
Educational Administration and Leadership, K-12: Ed.D.
Educational Administration and Higher Education
School of Education
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of decentralization reform on the principals’ perceptions about their role(s) and capacities, and decentralization‘s strengths, weaknesses, and barriers that principals experienced in a southern Albanian school district from June 2008 through June 2013. The results of this study will be used to assist educational leaders in the implementation of decentralization reform in Albania as it moves toward its next phase.
A wealth of studies have identified differences in the role(s) and capacities of principals, as well as their perceptions of the strengths, weaknesses, and barriers resultant from decentralization reform in education systems worldwide. The reasons behind such a difference lie in the social, economic, and political context of the country in which the decentralization reform takes place. This study affirmed some of the ideas pertaining in research, as well as identified other elements that are particular to the context in Albania.
The participants of this study reported changes of the principal’s roles and capacities in textbook selection, teacher employment, School Board/Community Relations, OLM and OLD classes (academic enrichment activities), teacher professional development, management of school finances, accountability for outcomes, and class offerings after the decentralization reform. The reported strengths of decentralization reform were school-based management and stakeholder relationships. The subjects reported lack of accountability, principal’s leadership capacities, inadequate funding, teaching licensing, and interventions to textbook selections as weaknesses of decentralization reform. The reported barriers included people’s culture, management of school finances, bureaucracy and political influence, resources, and imprecise legal framework.
This study is significant because it provides insights about the impact of the decentralization reform in the Albanian education system from June 2008 through June 2013. Thus, it provides educational policy makers with valuable data for examining and modifying the policy to achieve the goals of the decentralization reform. It also helps school principals as it indicates the areas where principals need to work to improve their school effectiveness and leadership.
Jesku, Eralda, "A Study of the Principals’ Perceptions of the Impact of the Decentralization Reform in Albania" (2015). Culminating Projects in Education Administration and Leadership. 6.