Curriculum Unit on the Gilded Age in the United States

Grade Levels

High School 9-12

Files

Download

Download Full Text (986 KB)

Download PowerPoint Presentation to accompany lesson. (4.9 MB)

Description

During the Gilded Age, numerous political, social, economic, and cultural reforms were taking place all at once. One of the major reforms of the time was labor because of the problems workers and their employers had with each other. Up until the 1860s, most Americans either worked on a farm or ventured into the city to obtain an industrial position in a cut-throat factory. Life working in the factories was hard and lacked regulation. Child labor, instant job termination, low and unreliable wages, and long hours were the common job expectation. It was not until grassroots movements and labor organizations, such as the Knights of Labor, started forming that workers finally began having a voice. While the Knights of Labor started out small with the members having common goals, the organization grew rapidly into a diverse membership including everyone from factory workers to shop owners. The disagreement over the preference of strikes instead of unions led to the Haymarket Disaster on May 4th, 1886. This incident occurred in Haymarket Square in Chicago when anarchists threw a bomb into the police line. While eight police officers were killed and eight anarchists were tried for murder, no one to this day knows who threw the bomb.

Publication Date

1-8-2016

Keywords

lesson plan, Gilded Age, Haymarket, Knights of Labor

Disciplines

Curriculum and Instruction | United States History

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The Haymarket Disaster and the Knights of Labor

Share

COinS
 
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.