Research on pathological gambling has suggested that the disorder afflicts American Indians at a greater frequency than the majority population. The present study investigated whether potential pathology and/or contingencies maintaining gambling behavior differed between 29 American Indian undergraduate students and 29 Caucasian students who were matched to the American Indian students in terms of sex, age, and grade point average. The American Indian participants scored lower on all dependent measures of gambling than did the Caucasian students, although several of the differences approached, but did not reach, statistical significance. The present results suggest that the increased rates of pathological gambling that have been observed in the American Indian population are `not the direct product of ethnicity or race.
Weatherly, Jeffrey N.
"The Contingencies Controlling Gambling Behavior: A Preliminary Cultural Analysis in American Indian University Students,"
Analysis of Gambling Behavior: Vol. 5
, Article 5.
Available at: https://repository.stcloudstate.edu/agb/vol5/iss1/5