Peer Reviewed Article
A comparison of the editorial positions taken on three public issues in 1989 by 56 newspapers in the Gannett group with a matched set of 155 other newspapers finds that Gannett newspapers were more likely to take positions, but also less likely to vary in the positions taken. (Also, 72% of the Gannett newspapers responded to the survey of editors versus 52% of the matched set of editors queried.) The study did not seek to find evidence that the newspapers were influenced by higher headquarters, but does suggest a number of ways that subtle influences may work within groups.
Akhavan-Majid, Roya; Rife, Anita; and Gopinath, Sheila, "Chain Ownership and Editorial Independence: A Case Study of Gannett Newspapers" (1991). Mass Communication Faculty Publications. 1.