Date of Award


Culminating Project Type


Degree Name

Applied Behavior Analysis: M.S.


Community Psychology, Counseling and Family Therapy


School of Health and Human Services

First Advisor

Michele R. Traub

Second Advisor

Benjamin N. Witts

Third Advisor

Kimberly A. Schulze

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

autism spectrum disorder, photos, children, smile, pictures, joint attention


Orientation and social skill delays common within Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) may prevent a child who has a diagnosis of ASD from learning to respond appropriately in photos. In research on teaching joint attention skills, children with autism have been successfully taught to respond appropriately to other types of social stimuli. The purpose of this study was to use teaching strategies from joint attention research to teach three children diagnosed with autism to look and smile in photos. All three children learned to simultaneously look and smile in photos and continued to engage in the response when the reinforcement schedule was thinned. Interest in participating in photos also appeared to be an additional result as all three participants began to regularly mand for participation in photos.



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