Culminating Project Title
A Macroscopic Examination of Expedient Tools: Comparing Replicated Collections and Precontact Collections to Aid in Determining Site Type
Date of Award
Culminating Project Type
Cultural Resources Management Archaeology: M.S.
College of Liberal Arts
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
Keywords and Subject Headings
use-wear, use wear, macroscopic, expedient tool
This thesis project was utilized to examine the use of expedient tools, or stone tools made with little to no production effort, through macroscopic means to determine if specific activities were being enacted on a site. CRDA8-Site5 (36GR0418) functioned as an Early, Middle, and Late Woodland lithic reduction and tool production locus, based on the recovery of 2,442 precontact artifacts, including lithic debitage, chipped stone tools, and polished, ground, and pecked stone tools (PGP). The lack of artifact rich features with datable charcoal and additional artifact types, such as faunal remains, left little to give insight into further site purpose. By allowing more analysis to occur on expedient tools, the ability to more acutely define site activities presents itself.
The project took place in two parts. Part one included the replication of the use-wear produced on expedient tools from various materials within the parameters of controlled production. Part two of the project was comprised of using the comparative collection to macroscopically identify use-wear patterns on the expedient tool collection from all three phases of the CRDA8- Site5 (36GR0418) collection.
Adams, Heather R., "A Macroscopic Examination of Expedient Tools: Comparing Replicated Collections and Precontact Collections to Aid in Determining Site Type" (2018). Culminating Projects in Cultural Resource Management. 19.