The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type


Degree Name

Cultural Resources Management Archaeology: M.S.




College of Liberal Arts

First Advisor

Mark Muniz

Second Advisor

Darlene St. Clair

Third Advisor

Kelly Branam

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

Lakota; Indigenous; Traditional Cultural Properties; National Historic Preservation Act; National Register of Historic Places; Religious and Cultural significance to properties


The Oglala Sioux Tribe, through its various tribal programs like the Historic Preservation Office & the Cultural Affairs Advisory Council (2009-2013), decided to initiate the development of a process primer for the future creation of a more holistic and culturally-relevant identification process for Lakólyakel na ečhá waŋkátuya yawá owáŋka “traditional and naturally significant places” (TNSP’s) to protect and preserve these places within the realm of cultural resource management. The process primer will be in accord with the functions assumed by the Oglala Sioux Tribe in 2009 through Tribal Council Ordinance No. 09-29, upheld by No. 13-17, to consult with appropriate federal agencies on undertakings in accordance with the National Historic Preservation Act, as amended, specifically provisions within Section 106 to identify historic properties that may be on or eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places, including areas to which the Tribe attaches “religious and cultural significance to properties” (NHPA: Section 101 (d)(6)(B)) affected by an undertaking.


To my family, for my Lakota people, with the help of many.



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