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Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type


Degree Name

Cultural Resources Management Archaeology: M.S.




College of Liberal Arts

First Advisor

M. P. Muniz

Second Advisor

R. Mann

Third Advisor

D. Doucette

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

Eastern Connecticut, Settlement Patterns


This thesis analyzed sites within the Thames River drainage basin to determine settlement patterns throughout the Pre-Contact period. The goal of this thesis is to further understand the landscape archaeology of eastern Connecticut and apply this information to probability models used to guide future archaeological investigations. Two hundred and ninety-five sites, representing 510 temporal occupations, were analyzed to determine patterns in site selection specific to hydrologic and topographic features. The Late Archaic period is the most represented time period of those analyzed within the study area. This is followed by the Late Woodland, Transitional Archaic, and indeterminate Woodland periods. There appears to be a preference for sites near quaternary streams, regardless of the temporal association. Landforms associated with site selection are varied, though there was an increase in sites selected along terraces spanning the Early Archaic through Late Woodland periods and an increase in sites selected along benches during the Paleoindian period.



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