Culminating Project Title
Date of Award
Culminating Project Type
Cultural Resources Management Archaeology: M.S.
College of Liberal Arts
Mark P. Muniz
Debra L. Gold
Katherine S. Pound
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
Keywords and Subject Headings
Knife Lake Siltstone, BWCAW, Daughter District, Lithic, Mobility, Technological Organization
The thesis herein seeks to test the effects of distance on the use of Knife Lake Siltstone (KLS) within local proximity to its primary outcrops in Northeastern Minnesota. Distance is used as a raw measure across which characteristics of KLS assemblages at distinct distances from the identified outcrops are discussed. It is theorized that the general presence of KLS material will decline over increased distance from the primary outcrops and that likewise technological organization at sites will reflect the increased distance from the primary outcrops. Through examination of site KLS assemblages which included cores, bifaces, unifaces, flake tools, debitage, end-scrapers, and a drill, it was found that distance does play a prominent role in terms of declining of KLS material present over increased distance amongst many assemblage aspects such as weight and dimensions of certain tool classes, what has been referred to as distance decay. It was also found that distance could be associated with technological organization in terms of a gearing-up technological organizational strategy evidenced or an expedient technological organizational strategy identified at distinct distances amongst some but not all artifact classes. It appears that distance while significant in many aspects of technological organization is clearly not the only factor in play affecting the variety and condition of KLS materials left on sites throughout a 40-kilometer radius of Wendt Site.
Bauschard, Phillip R., "Distribution of Knife Lake Siltstone and Associated Manufacturing Technologies Local to the Wendt Site Quarry, Daughter District, Lake County, Minnesota" (2017). Culminating Projects in Cultural Resource Management. 9.