The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type

Starred Paper

Degree Name

Curriculum and Instruction: M.S.


Teacher Development


School of Education

First Advisor

Hsueh-I Lo

Second Advisor

Mary Jo Froemming

Third Advisor

Sue Haller

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

Number Talk, Math Talk, Warm Up


The purpose of this starred paper was to review the literature regarding different teaching or warm-up models as well as finding out which model is the most effective. The research is focused on how this affects secondary math students. Chapter 1 briefly summarizes the research questions, what the focus of those topics will be throughout the paper, and the importance of this topic as it pertains to secondary special education math teaching. Chapter 2 identifies three different teaching methods used in math classes as well as case studies that analyze the effectiveness of each method. Chapter 3 identifies the findings in my research as well as recommendations for the future.



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