The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type


Degree Name

Educational Administration and Leadership, K-12: Ed.D.


Educational Administration and Higher Education


School of Education

First Advisor

Kay Worner

Second Advisor

Roger Worner

Third Advisor

Plamen Miltenoff

Fourth Advisor

John Eller

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

Response to Intervention, Multi-Tiered System of Support, Implementation


The study examined implementation of a Response to Intervention (RTI) and Multi-Tiered System of Support (MTSS) framework in a one school district in Minnesota in November and December 2017. The purpose of the study was to examine how policies, procedures, and implementation strategies created the conditions that resulted in implementation of an MTSS and replacement of the IQ-achievement discrepancy with an RTI measure in a comprehensive special education evaluation for specific learning disability (SLD).

Findings revealed the importance of establishing an RTI/MTSS framework at the school district level and the use of implementation science to build a coordinated and aligned system across all schools. In addition, clear guidelines and a high level of procedural specificity can help ensure fidelity in the delivery of interventions, the integrity of the problem-solving process, and the application of valid and reliable decision rules.

Professional development designed to address the conceptual, procedural, and technical aspects of an RTI/MTSS framework will enhance both teacher buy-in and the skills and knowledge of those assigned to provide intervention and engage in the problem-solving process. School districts would be advised to leverage the expertise of school psychologists with this work. Finally, the role of school principals was revealed to be critical. School building leaders need to be knowledgeable about the RTI/MTSS framework, and actively engaged in day-to-day implementation, leveraging both technical and adaptive leadership skills as needed.



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