The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type


Degree Name

Geography - Geographic Information Science: M.S.


Geography and Planning


School of Public Affairs

First Advisor

Gaerth John

Second Advisor

Jeffrey Torguson

Third Advisor

Robbie Mann

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

Dakota, Historical Narrative, Kandiyohi County, Spectral, GIS, Textual Analysis


This research seeks to explore and better understand historical representations and interpretations of Dakota people through the examination of historic site markers in Kandiyohi County. Utilizing historic site analysis, computer-based mapping and spatial representations, as well as drawing on current work on textual analysis and spectrality in geography, this research aims to reconstruct present-day historical narratives in Kandiyohi County and situate them according to often unheard—and unmarked—Native perspectives. While doing so, this project also explores broader historical narratives within the cultural landscape and pursues a contextualized and nuanced understanding of the County’s history by connecting events and cultural constructions that initially seem unrelated through the introduction of a concept called the ‘spectral narrative’.


2019 Distinguished Thesis Award Winner