The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type


Degree Name

Higher Education Administration: Ed.D.


Educational Administration and Higher Education


School of Education

First Advisor

Michael Mills

Second Advisor

Steven McCullar

Third Advisor

Theresa Waterbury

Fourth Advisor

Kent Hanson

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

Student-Athletes, Sleep, College Experience, Athletic Performance, Academic Performance


Sleep is a vital aspect of any student-athletes daily routine to ensure optimal performance. This correlational study used both exploratory analysis through frequency tables and linear regression models to investigate football student-athletes’ sleep and performance over the course of a collegiate off-season. This study’s design set out to determine how the percent of nights student-athletes slept seven or more hours affected their ability to perform both academically and athletically. The study was also designed to identify any college experiences that may be causing student-athletes to not achieve a quality night’s sleep. The results show that studentathletes who achieve seven or more hours of sleep on a consistent basis saw an increase in athletic performance. There was little evidence that percent of nights with seven or more hours of sleep was associated with change in academic performance. There were no statistically significant associations between academic outcomes and student-athlete academic year in school. This study also indicated through frequency measurements that workouts, meetings, practice, studying, homework, and socializing with peers were overall the greatest activities related to a lack of sleep. Professional recommendations include coaches and athletic administrators implementing a proactive educational approach on sleep. It is also important to understand that the timing of practices, meetings, and workouts is important for student-athletes’ sleep habits. Finally, student-athletes need to understand the importance of consistency in their sleep and wake times to ensure an overall better-quality of sleep.


Thank you to Dr. Silas Bergen and the Winona State University Statistical Counseling Center for your help with the statistical analysis.



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