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Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Culminating Project Title

The Vocabulary of Feedback

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type

Starred Paper

Degree Name

Information Media - Information Technologies: M.S.


Information Media


School of Education

First Advisor

Merton Thompson

Second Advisor

Marcia Thompson

Third Advisor

James Robinson

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

feedback, vocabulary, common language, formative assessment


The process of providing feedback in academics has been studied from many angles. It has been shown that feedback can increase motivation and learning, but there have been some conflicting results over which strategies are the most successful and which characteristics of feedback should be used in the process of providing feedback to students. It is important to know which strategies and tools are most effective in providing feedback. Because many studies have addressed similar components needed in the feedback process, but have identified the elements using different terms, the present study is a systematic review of the terminology used to discuss key elements in the feedback process in order to identify the most prevalent elements in the process. During the study, multiple terms were identified and used to discuss research regarding two major feedback elements. Mode and focus were the most researched elements, but researchers used various terms to discuss how mode and focus were used in the feedback process. By the end of the literature review, it was apparent that a common language would be useful for future research around the feedback process throughout multiple disciplines.



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