The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type

Starred Paper

Degree Name

Information Media - Instructional Design and eLearning: M.S.


Information Media


School of Education

First Advisor

Yun Claire Park

Second Advisor

Plamen Miltenoff

Third Advisor

Tom Hergert

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

informal learning, informal online learning, online learning, formal learning


This secondary research paper seeks to explore informal online learning, namely, the motivational factors behind it and the challenges of incorporating informal learning into formal learning environments. Using background research studies, main themes in the field of informal learning and research gaps were identified, and research questions for this paper were set. This secondary research paper also includes the description of the implications of the findings for educators and instructional designers, as well as suggestions for further research. Keywords: informal learning, online learning, formal learning, incidental learning, online learning communities, social media



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