The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type

Starred Paper

Degree Name

Special Education: M.S.


Special Education


School of Education

First Advisor

Jolaine Beddow-Beste

Second Advisor

Mary Beth Noll

Third Advisor

Seth Christman

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.


The question that guided this review of literature was: Are cognitive bias modification approaches effective in reducing anxiety symptoms of adolescents? Anxiety is a typical reaction to stress, but some people suffer from excessive anxiety that affect their day-to-day life. Finding an intervention that is effective in a school setting without needing trained professionals would be beneficial. Cognitive bias modification focuses on interpretive or attention biases. CBM aims to modify those biases in order to help reduce anxiety in individuals.



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