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This paper introduces the linguistic element called the phrasal verb, which consists of a verb followed by a particle, such as to “eat out.” The challenges facing L2 students attempting to master phrasal verbs are considered, followed by a proposed approach to teaching semantic as well as syntactic understanding of these structures. We conclude with a review of literature which proposes innovative teaching techniques. We conclude that there is promise that some of these techniques can assist students to master phrasal verbs, and that more research is necessary to determine the most effective approaches.

Faculty Supervisor

Ettien Koffi

Author Bio

Karen Cathcart Bronshteyn is a graduate student in English at St. Cloud State University and a Librarian at Anoka Technical College Library. She received a BA in Slavic Languages and Literature and a BA in Philosophy from the University of Kansas, and a Masters in Library Science from the University of Illinois. Karen can be contacted at:

Tom Gustafson is a graduate student in the TESL program at St. Cloud State University. He has earned a BS in Mathematics and a BS in Natural Sciences from the University of North Dakota and a MEd with emphasis in Computer Science from the University of Minnesota-Duluth. Tom can be contacted at:



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