Somali combines tense, aspect, mood, voice, persons, and number in an extraordinarily complex way to conjugate verbs. Our goal in this paper is simply to give an overview of Somali conjugation system so that teachers can use it as a point of reference in teaching English to Somali learners. Minnesota is home to a large immigrant population. However, there is a paucity of materials on Somali. We hope that to this paper fulfills a pedagogical need by highlighting areas of similarities and differences between Somali and English verb conjugation in the present, past, and future tenses. The paradigms are based on five commonly occurring Somali verbs: (to bring), (to read), (to stand), (to catch), and (to eat). Several morphophonological issues are mentioned but not discussed in depth because of their complexity and also because we want this paper to be accessible to a wide audience of school teachers.
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Koffi, Ettien; Omar, Shukria; Yussuf, Hassan; and Mohamed, Dahir
"Somali Verb Conjugation Paradigms: Present, Past, and Future,"
Linguistic Portfolios: Vol. 6
, Article 4.
Available at: https://repository.stcloudstate.edu/stcloud_ling/vol6/iss1/4