The focus of this study is on the acoustic vowel space of one female speaker’s (the second author) idiolect compared to General American English (GAE), Midwest English (MWE), and Central Minnesota English (CMNE). The test items are . Each word was repeated three times. Each repetition was measured for F0, F1, F2, F3, intensity, and duration. Acoustic vowel spaces are created in which Sand’s vowels are compared with GAE, MWE, and CMNE vowels. F1 and F2 are also compared to determine the extent to which Sand’s vowels are similar, or different from the three dialects under consideration.
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Sand, Molly and Koffi, Ettien
"The Acoustic Vowel Space of a North Dakota English Idiolect: Comparison with Three Dialects,"
Linguistic Portfolios: Vol. 6
, Article 8.
Available at: https://repository.stcloudstate.edu/stcloud_ling/vol6/iss1/8