Date of Award

5-2018

Culminating Project Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Cultural Resources Management Archaeology: M.S.

Department

Anthropology

College

College of Liberal Arts

First Advisor

Mark Muñiz

Second Advisor

Robb Mann

Third Advisor

Debra Gold

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

use-wear, use wear, macroscopic, expedient tool

Abstract

This thesis project was utilized to examine the use of expedient tools, or stone tools made with little to no production effort, through macroscopic means to determine if specific activities were being enacted on a site. CRDA8-Site5 (36GR0418) functioned as an Early, Middle, and Late Woodland lithic reduction and tool production locus, based on the recovery of 2,442 precontact artifacts, including lithic debitage, chipped stone tools, and polished, ground, and pecked stone tools (PGP). The lack of artifact rich features with datable charcoal and additional artifact types, such as faunal remains, left little to give insight into further site purpose. By allowing more analysis to occur on expedient tools, the ability to more acutely define site activities presents itself.

The project took place in two parts. Part one included the replication of the use-wear produced on expedient tools from various materials within the parameters of controlled production. Part two of the project was comprised of using the comparative collection to macroscopically identify use-wear patterns on the expedient tool collection from all three phases of the CRDA8- Site5 (36GR0418) collection.

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