This research examined the behavior and corresponding brain activity of recreational golfers. Experiment 1 examined four recreational golfers’ brain activityin the absence of any task demands. Following this resting baseline, participants were then instructed to putt 10 golf balls from six feet without consequences for accuracy. Following a return to baseline, a final condition was then instituted whereby monetary compensation ($20 gift card) was made contingent upon successfully making 8 of 10 putts. As measured by EEG, levels of alpha, beta, and theta waves, increased during the putting task compared to resting states. Monetary gambling enhanced activity for participants. Experiment 2 extended these findings. It used a condition of uncertain monetary contingencies while continuing to produce similar EEG levels as noted in Experiment 1. Finally, it appears that certain activations and suppressions of brain waves may have an impact on putting accuracy, and that they may be altered when gambling for money.
Bordieri, James and Dixon, Mark R.
"Brain Activity of Recreational Golfers Under Conditions of Gambling and Non-Gambling,"
Analysis of Gambling Behavior: Vol. 3
, Article 2.
Available at: https://repository.stcloudstate.edu/agb/vol3/iss2/2