The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type

Starred Paper



Degree Name

Early Childhood Special Education Studies: M.S.


Child and Family Studies


School of Education

First Advisor

Frances Kayona

Second Advisor

Brittany Sullivan

Third Advisor

Deborah Wheeler

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports, PBIS, Teachers, Support Staff, Paraprofessionals, Tiers


School staff members face challenging behaviors in school settings daily. There will be times when an educator will be exhausted and even perplexed when a challenging behavior occurs. In this Starred Paper, one evidence-based practice is closely examined to help reduce these challenging behaviors and it is called Positive Behavior Intervention and Supports (PBIS). The research focused on the manageability of PBIS strategies, the training provided to school staff, and the overall perspective on the effectiveness of PBIS strategies from teachers and paraprofessionals specifically. Research has shown time and time again that the use of schoolwide PBIS improves the likelihood that students will engage in behavior that is effective, efficient, relevant, functional, and socially appropriate (Hill & Flores, 2013). Overall, the goal as teachers is to provide students with the skills they need to be successful members of the community and the PBIS framework proves to be effective and malleable for each school or classroom to increase academic learning and decrease challenging behaviors.


This endeavor would not have been possible without my advisor, Frances Kayona for her invaluable time and patience with my completion of this Starred Paper. I would also like to express my deepest gratitude to Brittany Sullivan and Deborah Wheeler for being a part of my committee and offering insight and feedback during my research.

Many thanks to my co-workers for their encouragement, patience, and moral support throughout this three year process. I am also grateful to St. Cloud State University library for providing past research for me to explore.

Lastly, I’d like to mention and send thanks to my family, especially my husband and children. Their encouragement and positive energy has kept me going; even on the days we were in the thick of things with a newborn.