The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type


Degree Name

Criminal Justice: M.S.


Criminal Justice


School of Public Affairs

First Advisor

Dick Andzenge

Second Advisor

Lee Gilbertson

Third Advisor

Ettien Koffi

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

international criminal court, deterrence, challenges, crimes against humanity, genocide



The goal of this study is to have a better understanding of the dynamics of the International Criminal Court, the challenges faced by this court in Africa, and the different assessments made by scholars related to the Court. This study responds to these two research questions: What are the challenges faced by the International Criminal Court specifically regarding Africa? Do the challenges outweigh the advantages of this court? The study is a qualitative exploratory research that is based on an inductive content analysis which explores the different perspectives on the International Criminal Court.

The target population for this study is all 21st Century literature (research articles and reports, government documents, and appropriate Internet resources) that address the 12 cases in Africa, and which present the critics’assessments (i.e., oppose, support, and neutral) of the International Criminal Court and its role in Africa. I use a data collection instrument and a filing system to code and categorize the different materials to identify textual similarities.

The findings show three classes and seventeen categories. Indeed, the first class “Support” has nine categories while the second class “Oppose” has five categories. The third and final class, “Neutral” has three categories. This research reveals that most of the authors (eighteen) included in my sample support the court while seventeen have a neutral attitude toward the International Criminal Court. Also, fifteen authors do not support the court.

Keywords: international criminal court, deterrence, challenges, crimes against humanity, genocide



I would like to thank the members of the thesis committee, Drs. Dick Andzenge, Lee Gilbertson from the Criminal Justice Department, and Ettien Koffi from the English Department. Thank you for your guidance and knowledge, your useful comments, remarks, and engagement through the learning process of this master’s thesis.