The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type


Degree Name

Criminal Justice: M.S.


Criminal Justice


School of Public Affairs

First Advisor

Dr. Dick Andzenge

Second Advisor

Dr. Gilbertson

Third Advisor

Dr. Susan Dowds

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

Rehabilitation, recidivism, criminal justice system, correctional facility, and restorative justice


The relationship between rehabilitation and recidivism was a topic of concern due to increased criminal offenses despite the criminal justice system's effectiveness. Over the last decades, countries have registered a significant number of former prisoners being rearrested for similar offenses, questioning if rehabilitation programs are effective (Byrne, 2020). The enormous increase of people relapsing into criminality is a concern for society and the future generation because such developments challenge rehabilitation programs' feasibility and practicality. The increased rate of recidivism is caused by lifestyle, economic, sociological, and personal factors. To examine the relationship between rehabilitation and recidivism, the study utilized integrative research review as a methodology. The findings of the study indicate that rehabilitation programs aim at enhancing job-seeking skills, which equip the inmate with job search techniques and job readiness. Behavioral health support may not be of reasonable help if the inmate is going to lack a home immediately after they step out of prison. Being homeless is a barrier to finishing the required treatment. As a result, even the best result in behavioral health intervention can be of less value if the individual is not placed in stable housing. Failed programs offered in rehabilitation centers can also cause this. If the program is of no significant quality, the cases of recidivism remain high. Future studies are recommended to focus on the importance of incorporating the knowledge of rehabilitation programs of initiative into the mainstream private sector and public policy decision making.

FINAL EDITED version.doc (141 kB)
Final corrections made