The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type




Degree Name

Criminal Justice: M.S.


Criminal Justice


School of Public Affairs

First Advisor

Douglas Gilbertson

Second Advisor

Dick Andzenge

Third Advisor

Ashley Charwood

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs), Trauma, Recidivism, Rehabilitation


This paper examined the effects of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and, if treating childhood trauma of the incarcerated, lowered the rates of recidivism. I examined not only whether ACEs influenced incarceration rates but also, the benefits of trauma treatment programming among the incarcerated. Three primary studies were compared, using Cooper’s Integrative Research Review. The Kaiser original ACE (Adverse Childhood Experience) study, a replica study completed by Finkelhor and Associates, and The Philadelphia Expanded Study were included in this paper. I relied on other research articles to back up my findings that included a connection between ACEs and recidivism. Recommendations were also made for further research.


I would like to thank my professor, chair, and defense committee, who generously supplied their knowledge and expertise. I am indebted to my family for their support and patience throughout my academic journey. A special thanks to Karla, who has been my mentor and support person. It was Karla who kept me going and gave me the extra push I needed to complete this thesis. Finally, I would also like to my dog, Marco, for sitting next to me through this process and for all the entertainment and emotional support.