The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type


Degree Name

Criminal Justice: M.S.


Criminal Justice


School of Public Affairs

First Advisor

F. Barry Schreiber

Third Advisor

Timothy Baker

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

Recidivism, Juvenile, Length of Recidivism, Criminal Justice, Incarceration


How to handle juvenile offenders has been an issue that goes back and forth from rehabilitation to holding juveniles accountable with incarceration. Recidivism or re-offending rates have been studied to get a better picture into how effective treatment interventions are. This pilot study seeks to determine if juveniles incarcerated in Elmore Academy, a private correctional residential treatment facility, for shorter lengths of time (1-3 months) recidivated at higher rates than their peers who were incarcerated longer (4-9 months). The sample consisted of Ramsey County, Minnesota juvenile males ages 16-18 that were released from Elmore Academy between August 1, 2005 and June 1, 2009. The Chi-Square test of association was used to determine ifthere was a relationship between Length of Stay and 12-month post release recidivism, 24-month post release recidivism, type of offense leading to incarceration, gang association, marijuana use and alcohol use. While many of the comparisons found differences in frequencies, no statistically significant differences were found.