The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type


Degree Name

Applied Behavior Analysis: M.S.


Community Psychology, Counseling and Family Therapy


School of Health and Human Services

First Advisor

Benjamin Witts

Second Advisor

Michele Traub

Third Advisor

Kimberly Schulze

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

culture, autism, edible reinforcement, praise, positive reinforcement


Culture consists of beliefs, laws, customs, and manners that society deems to be socially appropriate. As culture influences how the individual behaves within society, it is important to recognize if and how cultural elements might influence the acceptance of behavioral treatments. The purpose of this literature review was to analyze culture with respect to the two most common reinforcers used in applied behavior analysis (ABA) research, edibles and praise. There were two components to this evaluation: a) an in-depth search of five country’s use of edibles and praise and b) a review of a scholarly behavior analytic journal. The in-depth analysis results indicated that the use of edibles and praise varied with each country. The article review results indicated that out of 73 articles meeting inclusion criteria, five provided a cultural description and of those one applied a modification based on the participants’ cultural needs.


To my grandparents, without you, I would have not been able to overcome my obstacles and achieve my goals. To my husband who never let me give up and always stood by my side. Your love and support make me a better person. Thank you for showing me how amazing this world can be. To my family, life would be so dull without you. I am forever grateful for your love, words of encouragement, and support. For all of this and more, thank you. I hope I made you all proud.



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