The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type


Degree Name

Applied Behavior Analysis: M.S.


Community Psychology, Counseling and Family Therapy


School of Health and Human Services

First Advisor

Benjamin Witts

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

woozles, publications, applied behavior analysis


Inaccurate reporting of previous publications may seem innocuous in a publication that exhibits sound theories and results; however, consistent, inaccurate reporting of an original body of work runs the risk of establishing false conclusions. In publications, a woozle is a misguided or misrepresented belief or claim, which, if accumulated, can lead to an inaccurate theory or conclusion. Previous literature in other fields have noted the existence of woozles and their effect. This study was a preliminary investigation into the presence of woozles in current applied behavior analytic publications. The first phase of the study identified 20 experimental research articles from The Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis (JABA) and 25-75 citing research articles. Phase two consisted of examining articles and extracting relevant quotations. In the final phase of the study, quotations from applied behavior analytic (ABA) journals were examined to determine the presence of woozles. Results from 242 ABA articles indicated more than 30% of articles and 20% of quotations were woozles, and the presence of woozles in the past ten publishing years exhibited an unclear trend. Data collected indicates that woozles are present in ABA literature, and further research is warranted to examine this topic further.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.