Culminating Project Title
Date of Award
Culminating Project Type
Cultural Resources Management Archaeology: M.S.
College of Liberal Arts
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
Keywords and Subject Headings
Archaeology, Archaic, Lithic Analysis, Iowa, Great Plains
The Lungren Site (13ML224) is a Middle Archaic campsite located in Mills County, Iowa. The site was excavated in the 1960s during the Smithsonian River Basin Surveys, and represents one of a relatively small number of well-preserved Archaic period sites known in western Iowa. Lithic artifacts from the Lungren assemblage were reanalyzed as part of this thesis in order to derive better understanding of technological strategy and land-use by the mid-Holocene bison hunters who left these tools behind. Analysis of lithic debitage and raw material illustrates heavy utilization of locally acquired raw material for tool making. This includes both expedient and formal items that comprised a specialized tool kit well suited for a population of mobile bison hunters. While the Archaic period in many areas of the Great Plains remains poorly understood, data from this thesis will be useful in developing a better understanding of technological strategy and lifeways of peoples on the Eastern Plains during this time period.
Davis, Warren, "Old Collections, New Insights: Technological Organization of the Lungren Site (13ML224), A Middle Archaic Residential Camp" (2018). Culminating Projects in Cultural Resource Management. 21.