Culminating Project Title
Date of Award
Culminating Project Type
Cultural Resources Management Archaeology: M.S.
College of Liberal Arts
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
Keywords and Subject Headings
Archaeology, Marquette County, Wisconsin, Upper Midwest
This research comprises the analysis of artifacts recovered during archaeological investigations at Buffalo Lake in 1917 and 1925 at Kratz Creek (47MQ0039), Neale (47MQ0049), and McClaughry (47MQ0042) mound group sites. The purpose of this thesis is to further define the cultural history of occupation at Buffalo Lake. Analysis was performed on 258 projectile points to determine point types and associate cultural time periods. Furthermore, raw material analysis was performed to provide data on socio-economic connections between Buffalo Lake and other regions outside its vicinity. Additionally, 179 ceramic rim sherds have been assessed to determine their type. This enforces the distribution areas of different ceramic types through the Woodland Tradition and Buffalo Lake’s association with these areas. Analysis of projectile point types reflects occupation from Late Paleoindian up through Late Woodland, a span of over 10,000 years. Moreover, people regularly depended on locally available lithic source materials, such as Prairie du Chien chert. As time progressed, non-local materials used for manufacturing points became more evident at Buffalo Lake. By the Late Woodland, silicified sandstone sourced from western Wisconsin was more utilized than locally available sources. Ceramic types reflect that Buffalo Lake initially had more affiliation with groups who derived from southerly regions of Wisconsin. Gradually, Buffalo Lake went from neighboring edges of distribution areas to transcending into the epicenter of different ceramic distribution areas. This likely indicates that Buffalo Lake went from neighboring territorial boundaries to a more centralized location for exchange of goods, ideas, and establishment of burial practice customs.
Taft, Seth, "Interpreting the Buffalo Lake Locality: Analysis of Projectile Point and Ceramic Assemblages Recovered from the Kratz Creek (47MQ39), Neale (47MQ49), and McClaughry (47MQ42) Sites" (2020). Culminating Projects in Cultural Resource Management. 33.