The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type





Degree Name

Cultural Resources Management Archaeology: M.S.




College of Liberal Arts

First Advisor

Mark Muniz

Second Advisor

Rob Mann

Third Advisor

David Mather

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

Pottery, Ceramics, Woodland, Precontact, Minnesota, archaeology


The multicomponent site 21MO20 was partially excavated from 1982 to 1988 under the direction of Douglas Birk and the Institute for Minnesota Archaeology. While these excavations focused on the Fur Trade era fort at this site, numerous Precontact artifacts and features were also discovered. This Precontact assemblage includes a vast quantity of ceramic sherds, including the majority of four vessels and 11 other diagnostic specimens that span the Woodland tradition. A complete attribute analysis of these specimens provides invaluable data to not only begin to develop a culture history of the Precontact components of this site, but also creates a dataset to further our understanding of ceramic types of central Minnesota, many of which are poorly understood or defined.


There are many people whose time, energy, and support went into the creation of this thesis. First and foremost, I would like to thank David Mather, Rob Mann, and Mark Muñiz for serving on my committee. Without their guidance and assistance, none of this would have been possible. I would like to thank Jim Cummings for his help and advice. I am also extremely grateful for Alex Hedquist, who provided emotional support when I needed to vent, guidance when I was lost, and sources when I needed information. I will always be grateful for your help on our SHPO file search trip. I would like to give special thanks to two of my closest friends, Jennifer Lewis and Marie Swartz. Their support, advice, and assistance are invaluable gifts that I was incredibly fortunate to have throughout my graduate studies and beyond. I would also like to thank my new friends, Raji Dissanayake and Michael Wilson for making graduate school a more pleasant and memorable experience. I am deeply grateful to my parents, Kevin and Nancy Roberts, who have supported me and cheered me on my entire life. Above all, I would like to express my undying love and gratitude for my partner, Meagan Star. You came into my life just as I was embarking on the most difficult and trying journey I have ever faced. You supported me, encouraged me, laughed and cried with me. You held my hand and walked with me down this long and sometimes harrowing road. You are my best friend and my biggest supporter. I never could have made it this far without you. It is because of your faith, love, and support that I am where I am today. This is for you.



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