The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type


Degree Name

Cultural Resources Management Archaeology: M.S.




College of Liberal Arts

First Advisor

Mark Muñiz

Second Advisor

Robbie Mann

Third Advisor

Benjamin Richason

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

Minnesota, Archaeology, Archaic, Prehistoric, Lithics, Statistics


Middle Archaic archaeological sites in Minnesota are rarely discovered and the cultural context of this period is poorly known. This thesis presents the research conducted on a recently identified Middle Archaic site in central Minnesota called Twin Lakes. The site was dated using modern dating techniques. This along with the in depth lithic and statistical analysis adds to the interpretation of the lifeways of early Minnesota people and an elusive time period in the state’s archaeological record.


There have been many people that have helped me through this research. First and foremost I would like to thank Mervin Eisel. Without his vigilance and recognition of the scientific value of the artifacts found on his land we never would have known of the existence of a site that could be of great value to the archaeological record of the state of Minnesota. In addition, his willingness to let St. Cloud State University have access to his property for research purposes is greatly appreciated.

My friends, family and professors have been very supportive of my research as well. Specifically, Hollie Lincoln and Cory Yates that volunteered to help me with my fieldwork on some days that were less than comfortable to be outside in Minnesota. My committee of professors have offered a wide variety of expertise to draw on. No one has help me more than Professor Muñiz. Thank you so much for your time and patience and hanging in there with me through one of the coldest field days I have had in ten years.



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