The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type




Degree Name

Applied Economics: M.S.




School of Public Affairs

First Advisor

Kenneth Rebeck

Second Advisor

Mana Komai-Molle

Third Advisor

Eungmin Kang

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

gender wage gap, Timor-Leste, Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition


The gender wage gap, indicating the disparity in earnings between men and women, remains a pervasive issue worldwide, transcending both developed and developing nations, including Timor-Leste. Therefore, this study focuses on the gender wage gap in Timor-Leste. Utilizing data from the Timor-Leste Labor Force Survey for 2021, this research employs multiple linear regression to assess the factors influencing the wages of working-aged men and women. The Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition method is applied to identify factors contributing to the gender wage gap, distinguishing between explained and unexplained factors. The results show that living in urban areas, having advanced and intermediate education levels, working in the formal sector, having a permanent contract, and working full-time significantly affect wages. There is a disparity in wages, with men earning an average of 2.79 percent more than women. Explained factors contribute to an 8.6 percent reduction in the gender wage gap, highlighting the role of variables such as urban living, advanced education, and formal sector employment. However, unexplained factors exacerbate the gap by 11.39 percent, emphasizing the possibility of gender-based discrimination.