The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type

Starred Paper

Degree Name

Curriculum and Instruction: M.S.


Teacher Development


School of Education

First Advisor

Stephen Hornstein

Second Advisor

Hsueh-I Lo

Third Advisor

Mary Beth Noll

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

Balanced literacy


My interest in this topic is to understand the history of balanced literacy, what components are used, what issues have arisen in districts where a balanced literacy framework was adopted, and what impact it has had on student literacy performance. Chapter 2 provides information on the history of balanced literacy, what components are included in a framework implementation, and research on balanced literacy. Chapter 3 provides recommendations for an effective balanced literacy framework implementation and needed on-going support.


Thank you to Steve Hornstein, Martin Lo and Mary Beth Noll for their guidance in the process of writing my starred paper.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.