The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type

Plan C Paper

Degree Name

Information Media - Technology Integration: M.S.


Information Media


School of Education

First Advisor

Kristen Carlson

Second Advisor

Martin Lo

Third Advisor

Roseann Wolak

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

Discussion boards, critical thinking, higher order thinking, Bloom's taxonomy, surface learning, deep learning


This portfolio aims to demonstrate the development of a training guide for discussion board forums for undergraduate students at St. Cloud State University. The purpose of this training guide is to help students understand different types of questioning, as well as, how to critically think and respond to discussion board questions by objectively considering different points of view. To develop background knowledge, the researcher explored topics such as: surface learning versus deeper learning, critical thinking in online learning, higher order thinking and learning, as well as, the role of questions. This portfolio comprises of a training guide that has two modules, and an interactive game. The first module, shows students how to recognize different models of questions, and the second module shows students how to develop responses that use objective and higher order thinking.



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