Do speakers produce the same word differently if its grammatical function changes? The word is used to provide some answers. This word is optimal because it is one of a few English words whose orthography and pronunciation remain the same across three grammatical functions. is spelled and pronounced the same when it functions as a direct object, an indirect object, or a possessive adjective. This makes it ideal for investigating any putative correlation between grammatical functions and acoustic phonetic correlates. Twenty (10 females and 10 males) speakers of American English from 10 different states recorded themselves reading the Speech Accent Archive (SAA) elicitation paragraph in which occurs four times surrounded by 31 different words. We extracted F0/pitch, F1, F2, F3, F4, intensity, and duration correlates from and the surrounding words, for a total of 4,340 measured tokens. For this paper, we focus exclusively on F0/pitch, intensity, and duration to test the existence of a putative correlation. Arithmetic means, standard deviations, and interspeaker variability analyses are provided to answer the research question. The findings help to posit the existence of the proximity and the declination principles, as a way of accounting for why correlations exist in some cases but not in others.
Koffi, Ettien and Beckstrand, Matthew
"DO ACOUSTIC PHONETIC CORRELATES VARY IN RELATION TO GRAMMATICAL FUNCTIONS? EXEMPLIFICATION WITH "Her","
Linguistic Portfolios: Vol. 11, Article 8.
Available at: https://repository.stcloudstate.edu/stcloud_ling/vol11/iss1/8