The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship



This paper examines the acoustic phonetic properties of the stop consonants [p, b, t, d, k, g, k͡p, g͡b] in Anyi, an Akan language spoken in eastern Côte d’Ivoire and western Ghana. Twelve acoustic correlates (F0, F1, F2, F3, F4, VOT, intensity, duration, B1, B2, B3, and B4) are extracted from data elicited from 10 participants in order to determine which correlates are robust for speech intelligibility. The findings discussed in the paper are based on 2,880 tokens (10 speakers x 8 words x 3 repetitions x 12 correlates). The investigation serves two purposes. The first is to give an exhaustive account of stops in Anyi. The second is to prepare the language for formant-based text-to-speech synthesis. Tried and true Just Noticeable Difference (JND) thresholds are used to gauge which correlates are robust and which ones are not.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.