This ethnography focuses on how students bid for a chance to speak in the classroom setting. English learners attending two different leveled classes were observed. The learners attended classes in the Intensive English Center at St. Cloud State University. Observations showed that there are many types of bidding students use, both verbal and nonverbal. Instructors were also observed bidding for attention. Ethnographic analysis showed that verbal bidding was important and common in the observed classrooms. It was found that verbal bidding did not drastically hinder or interrupt the classroom. Additionally, students bid differently depending on their gender, culture, and classroom environment.

Faculty Supervisor

Dr. Jim Robinson



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