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Resolution rules are syntactic parameters that regulate the proper agreement of phi-features (person, number, and gender) between a noun/noun phrase and a verb phrase within a grammatical language system. One of the facets of the primary study, of which this paper is an excerpt, examines L2 English compositions written by native Arabic speakers and investigates whether students transfer person phi-feature agreement patterns from their L1 to their L2. The findings discussed in this paper reveal agreement errors in the application of person resolution rules, and the majority of these person agreement errors are found in indefinite pronoun constructions.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Author Bio

Jon Cotner received an MA in English from St. Cloud State University in the Applied Linguistics/TESL program. He earned a BA degree in Philosophy and has since had careers with IBM, Lawson Software, and as an independent contractor. His areas of interest include interlanguage dynamics, comparative linguistics, and second language writing. He can be reached via email at or at



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