Culminating Project Title
Date of Award
Culminating Project Type
English: Teaching English as a Second Language: M.A.
College of Liberal Arts
Choonkyong Kim, Chairperson
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
Keywords and Subject Headings
Chinese Vocabulary Acquisition
This study investigates Chinese vocabulary acquisition of Chinese language learners in English-Chinese bilingual contexts; the 20 participants in this study were English native speakers, who were enrolled in a Chinese immersion program in central Minnesota. The study used a matching test, and the test contains seven sets of test items. In each set, there were six Chinese vocabulary words and the English translations of three of them. The six words are listed in one column on the left, and the three translations were in another column on the right. All six Chinese vocabulary words were from the vocabulary list. According to students’ Chinese vocabulary accuracy, I hypothesized Pinyin, which means Chinese phonetic systems, could help English-Chinese bilingual learners acquire Chinese vocabulary. In addition, this study was conducted to investigate if there were correlations between their Chinese proficiency test scores (HSK, Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi,), the immediate test scores, and the delayed test scores. Results were exported and analyzed with statistical tests. A paired-samples t-test was used to compare the scores with Pinyin condition and without Pinyin condition. The results showed that Pinyin did help in both the immediate test and the delayed test. A person correlation test was used to compare the HSK scores and vocabulary test scores; it showed only one correlation, between the HSK score and the test score of without Pinyin condition on the immediate test. Thus, Pinyin was possibly more helpful to the students who were at a lower level. Based on the study’s results, Pinyin was helpful in Chinese acquisition, especially for beginning learners of Chinese.
Shi, Yahui, "The Effect of Pinyin in Chinese Vocabulary Acquisition with English-Chinese Bilingual Learners" (2019). Culminating Projects in TESL. 17.