Culminating Project Title
Date of Award
Culminating Project Type
English: Teaching English as a Second Language: M.A.
College of Liberal Arts
Kelly Branam Macauley
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
Keywords and Subject Headings
Culture Shock, Motivation, Identity, International Students, Cultural Adjustment, Mumford (1998) Questionnaire
In recent years, the notion of Culture Shock has gained popularity and acknowledgment among the general population or laypersons. This study was designed to reinterpret and in essence recreate Mumford's (1998) survey design. These results will be useful for the present as well as future international students at universities. The results will also be helpful for the university’s faculty in easing the transition that International Graduate Students experience when studying in America.
In this study, I had 15 international graduate students complete a 13-question survey and 10-question interview in hopes of determining whether the participant experienced Culture Shock and if so, how it impacted their motivation and identity in their L2 learning environment. Based on my research, I found that regardless of the participants’ gender, cultural background, and prior exposure to different cultures, everyone is susceptible to experiencing Culture Shock. The extent to which Culture Shock impacts motivation and identity varies, but regardless of it not only does impact individuals it has the potential to challenge and change people. Culture shock has numerous impacts on individuals; however, it is important to acknowledge that how it impacts individuals varies in both length and severity.
Abbey, Thomas Edward Victor, "The Impact of Culture Shock on Motivation and Identity in L2 Learning" (2021). Culminating Projects in TESL. 36.