The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type




Degree Name

English: Teaching English as a Second Language: M.A.




College of Liberal Arts

First Advisor

Chookyong Kim

Second Advisor

Edward Sadrai

Third Advisor

Maria Mikolchak

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

ESL, Lexical Categories, AWL, TV, GWL


The aim of this study is to investigate the extent to which bilingual, Asian American students at the college level in Central Minnesota have of metalinguistic knowledge in the lexical categories described as Academic Word List (AWL), Technical Vocabulary (TV) and General Word List (GWL). In addition, this study intends to understand the relationship between AWL, TV and GWL in these students. Although the focus of this study is AWL and TV, GWL is also discussed and investigated in this study simply due to its role with AWL and TV.

The participants are twenty Hmong American students who live in the Twin Cities and St Cloud Area and speak both Hmong and English, among other languages such as Spanish and French. They were not asked to identify their age or gender. Each participant was given a set of texts and asked to identify all words which they believed were AWL and TV. Their data was then compared to an analyzed copy of the texts; the texts were analyzed using Compleat Lexical Tutor’s Vocabprofile. The findings of this study show that the participants were able to identify on average only a quarter of all AWL and half of all TV.



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