Date of Award
Culminating Project Type
English: Teaching English as a Second Language: M.A.
College of Liberal Arts
Keywords and Subject Headings
Second Language, Learning, Achievement, Motivation, Sub-Saharan, Students
Many students from Sub-Saharan African countries are coming to the United States to study and acquire an English degree. The spread of English as the number one language in the world is an inspiration for students from different parts of the world to develop interest in learning the English language. These students' interest and motivation to study English as a Second Language varies for different reasons. Our understanding of Second Language Leaming motivation of students from Sub-Saharan. African countries is limited because of the limited studies available for students from_ these countries. In this study, interview questions were adapted from an ethnographic interview model used by Spradley ( 1979). Ten participants from Sub-Saharan African countries studying in a Mid-West university in the Upper Mid-West of the United States responded to the interview questions. Participants' audio responses to 15 interview questions were transcribed and analyzed to compile what students' reports about their motivations for learning the English language.
The results suggest that out of the six different types of motivations, which are internal /external, intrinsic/extrinsic and instrumental/integrative motivation, only five of - motivations are commonly used by this student population. Internal motivation is the least utilized type of motivation, while instrumental motivation plays a huge role in these students' motivation in learning an additional language. Second language acquisition is also related to community integration, but integrative motivation appears to be challenging and one of the least utilized type of motivation in this study. Most of these students intentionally chose to interact with nonnative speakers of the English language because of either pronunciation issues or shyness because of their accent. Students with pronunciation issues preferred not to do classroom presentations if they have an option. The presentation of this study includes a discussion of the findings followed by suggestions for further research and for teachers.
Njee, Brendabell E., "Second Language Learning Achievement and Motivation: An Interview Case Study of Sub-Saharan Students" (2013). Culminating Projects in TESL. 56.