The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type


Degree Name

Rehabilitation Counseling: M.S.


Community Psychology, Counseling and Family Therapy


School of Health and Human Services

First Advisor

Amy Knopf

Second Advisor

Trae Downing

Third Advisor

Victoria Williams

Fourth Advisor

Bradley Kuhlman

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.


This paper investigates the effect of a psycho-educational group that teaches study strategies and supports perceived self-efficacy among college students. The study followed a within-group, pre-experimental design, with a pretest/posttest evaluation measuring quantitative data of perceived self-efficacy, as well as a demographic questionnaire. An instrument with high reliability was used to measure self-efficacy on two college students in an open group promoting inclusion of a diverse population. It was estimated that self-efficacy would increase after a total of six one-hour group counseling session were attended. Results showed improvement, however were statistically insignificant due largely to a low sample size.


I would like to personally thank my advisor professor Dr. Amy Knopf. You not only encouraged me to start this project, but helped me learn and grow into a belief that I could finish it. Along the way you helped me address my own efficacy as a researcher and I am grateful for that. I would also like to thank the rest of my committee. Dr. Downing, the lesson I learned in my first semester taught me that growth can be both uncomfortable and optional, but the rewards are worth risky efforts. Vicky, your ever-present willingness to allow me to try new things and learn from mistakes gave me the freedom to explore and expand. Dr. Kuhlman, not only was your encouragement much of the reason I am here, but am consistently moved by how you always believe that your students can do and be more than they are now. For these reasons I am grateful for all that my committee has done for me and I intend to live up to what I believe are the expectations of any great teacher: to not only absorb the wisdom but share it with others.



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