The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type





Degree Name

Cultural Resources Management Archaeology: M.S.




College of Liberal Arts

First Advisor

Rob Mann

Second Advisor

Mark Muniz

Third Advisor

Sean Dunham

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

Archaeology, Logging, Chippewa National Forest, Dingle-Style, 1900, Logging Camp


The thesis research presented herein details an excavation of the Wanaki Logging Camp (Site Number 09-03-103) performed during the summer of 2020. The camp is a ca 1900 logging camp located off the west shore of Cass Lake, Minnesota, within the Chippewa National Forest boundary. Berms and ditches within the site outline seven structural ruins and a former road. The two largest outlines resemble a dingle-style camp which is named for the dingle structure, a single roof spanning the gap between the bunkhouse and chow hall. The goal of this research is to obtain a better understanding of the loggers by finding ways in which they were able to shape camp life, in other words, demonstrate agency. The excavation followed a 2018 youth archaeology workshop in which the Chippewa National Forest led youth volunteers through shovel testing and metal detecting of select structural remains. Artifacts from the 2018 workshop were incorporated into the final analysis. The current excavation applied a series of methods, including a metal detector survey, shovel testing, and test units. Findings were then processed through fine screening, floatation, faunal analysis, seed identification, and statistical analysis. The results of this project include the identification of four of the seven structures, common foodstuffs, and several non-work activities, all of which provide a baseline to understand life in the logging camp and how the loggers may have influenced life within the camp.



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