The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type


Degree Name

Educational Administration and Leadership, K-12: Ed.D.


Educational Administration and Higher Education


School of Education

First Advisor

Frances Kayona

Second Advisor

John Eller

Third Advisor

Kay Worner

Fourth Advisor

Roger Worner

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

Activities Director; Job Performance Evaluation; K-12 Education; Personnel Evaluation; Formative Feedback Instrument


The problem of the study was to develop and test for validity and reliability, a 20-item, 360-degree formative feedback instrument for assessing the performance of high school activities directors. Data were collected from coaches, extra-curricular advisors, licensed staff members, non-licensed staff members, and administrators regarding activities directors’ performances. Contributing high schools in the state of Minnesota participated in the study during the spring of 2017. A standard statistical item analysis was completed to calculate basic descriptive statistics and a Cronbach’s (1951) alpha to determine reliability. In addition, a pilot test and content analysis of the items was conducted to determine and ensure validity. The study resulted in a valid and reliable instrument, which may be used by activities directors, their supervisors, and constituents for a formative performance appraisal process.

The instrument was designed to provide job-specific feedback from a variety of constituents to activities directors regarding performance. The findings resulted in a reliability correlation coefficient ranging from .88 to .93. The instrument was found to have alpha correlation coefficients above the .70 threshold, which is strong reliability. The formative feedback instrument was pilot tested with practitioners from the education field that render knowledge of the activities director position. Individuals were requested to review the formative feedback instrument for adequacy of appropriate language, format, font, clarity, user friendliness, and validity of items. Along with pilot testing the 20-item instrument, content validity was established through an extensive literature review. The formative feedback instrument will be added to the Wedin (2013) self-evaluation instrument and supervisor evaluation instrument developed previously as part of an Activities Director’s Performance Appraisal Handbook.



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