The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type




Degree Name

Educational Administration and Leadership, K-12: Ed.D.


Educational Administration and Higher Education


School of Education

First Advisor

Dr. John Eller

Second Advisor

Dr. Frances Kayona

Third Advisor

Dr. Dave Lund

Fourth Advisor

Dr. Kelsey Milne

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

Mindfulness, Administrators, Crisis, Leadership


The purpose of this quantitative study is to examine the extent to which a select group of Minnesota secondary school administrators report their level of awareness of mindfulness practices, use and frequency of practice, and perceived personal effectiveness of mindfulness strategies used during crisis leadership.

The results of this study intend to furnish school administrators and districts with an understanding of mindfulness strategies and the effectiveness of those strategies to implement during crisis leadership, ultimately impacting the overall well-being of the organization. The findings of the study may reveal select strategies and their importance during crisis leadership as experienced by Minnesota secondary school administrators.

Select voluntary administrators reported their level of awareness of mindfulness, mindfulness strategies, specifically guided meditation, movement, and mindful breathing, their frequency of use and personal perceived effectiveness implemented during crisis leadership. Most study respondents, 89.6% (n =87), reported having experienced a crisis during their career as an administrator and 75.0% of participants reported having an extreme awareness of mindfulness strategies such as guided meditation, movement, and mindful breathing. Participants also reported the use and/or practice of movement as a mindfulness strategy with a frequency of 3-4 times per week to effectively lead during times of crisis. 35.0% of participants reported the personal use/and or practice of these mindfulness strategies to be extremely effective regarding crisis leadership.

This suggests that various mindfulness strategies can be used as an effective way to lead during times of crisis. Utilizing mindfulness strategies during times of crisis encourages administrators to respond with thought-based decision-making skills rather than fear-based decision making. It allows administrators to detach from their fear-based emotions and be present in the moment and approach adverse situations with balance and an awareness of self.

Keywords: mindfulness, mindfulness techniques, crisis leadership, leadership, guided meditation, movement, mindful breathing, personal effectiveness



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