Culminating Project Title
Examining Select Minnesota Secondary High School Principal's Perspectives, Leadership Characteristics, and Practices as They Led and Navigated through the COVID-19 Pandemic, School Closure and Transition into Distance Learning
Date of Award
Culminating Project Type
Educational Administration and Leadership, K-12: Ed.D.
Educational Administration and Higher Education
School of Education
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
Keywords and Subject Headings
Leadership characteristics during a emergency crisis incident
The purpose of this qualitative study was to identify select Minnesota secondary principals' (1) report on principal’s essential leadership characteristics and practices used when leading their stakeholders through a global pandemic, school closures, and transition to distance learning; (2) to analyze how select Minnesota secondary school principals’ personal beliefs and attributes align with the Top 4 Characteristics of Admired Leaders (CAL) from Kouzes & Posner Leadership Challenge and The Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership model and (3) provide current and future school administrators with best practices on emergency preparedness in navigating through a crisis incident.
Three select Minnesota lead secondary principals were selected to participate in the study from a recommended list of principals who had successful outcomes during the Covid-19 pandemic school closure and transition into distance learning. Data was collected in the form of structured in-depth interviews. The findings from the study identified the essential leadership characteristics deemed necessary reported by the selected principals were collaboration, vision, communication, and solution-focused decision-making. The effective practices principals reported implementing were digital communication, stakeholder surveys, staff, team, and professional learning collaboration meetings, distance learning daily schedules, student/staff device planning, and staff-student check-in meetings. Study also found the principals' personal beliefs and attributes were consistent and aligned with the Top 4 Characteristics of Admired Leaders (CAL) model of honesty, competence, inspiration, and forward-looking and utilizing the Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership model. Each principal reported modeling the way, inspire a shared vision, challenge the process, enable others to act, and encourage the heart. The study provides current and future administrators with recommendations and best practice strategies reported by the principals on four vital elements during an emergency crisis incident and specially during the Covid-19 pandemic such as a crisis plan, Covid-19 health, and safety of stakeholders, and knowing themselves as a leader.
Harris, Jason, "Examining Select Minnesota Secondary High School Principal's Perspectives, Leadership Characteristics, and Practices as They Led and Navigated through the COVID-19 Pandemic, School Closure and Transition into Distance Learning" (2023). Culminating Projects in Education Administration and Leadership. 99.